Pramenka sheep wool, coarse wool

Premenka sheep wool

Pramenka is an autochthonous domestic sheep that used to be widespread throughout Europe, and now it is most represented in the Balkan countries. It got its name from the emphasized strands of open wool. Even today, it is the basic raw material in the home production of carpets in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Name of Material in the local and Latin language
Vuna ovce pramenke/lana
Type of Material
Organic
Commonly Found Locations
Eastern Bosnia, central Bosnia, northern Bosnia, Herzegovina
Major Industrial Producers or Suppliers
Wool-line, Bogda

Colour
It is usually creamy white colour, but it can also be black, brown, silver and random mixes.
Density
16 – 70 kg/m³
Hardness
Compared to many other textile fibers, the strength of wool is low, so slightly coarser yarns are produced from it, in order to ensure the necessary resistance of woollen products to loads during use.
Melting/Boiling Point
Wool does not melt.
Solubility
Hydrochloric acid dissolves wool.
Structure
Pramenka sheep belongs to the coarse-wool Pramenka group, which is characterized by mixed wool, i.e. fleece composed of finer, shorter and real wool threads, and long, but coarse wool threads.
Chemical Composition
The elemental composition of wool is approximately 50% carbon, 22-25% oxygen, 16-17% nitrogen, 7% hydrogen, and 3-4% sulphur.

Industrial and Crafts Applications
It is used in production of insulation in rooms (roof, floor, walls), as well as in creating, pillows, quilts, mattresses, clothes, carpets, paths, souvenirs, sponge for facial exfoliation.
Historical or Cultural Uses
It was mainly used in the clothing and weaving industries.
Environmental Impact
Scientific studies show that wool is 100% biodegradable in both land and marine environments.
Innovative or Emerging Applications
Beauty industry, insulation material.

Extraction Methods
Sheep shearing.
Processing Techniques
Cleaning, sorting, combing, dyeing and spinning.
Sustainability and Environmental Considerations
Wool is 100% biodegradable.
Recycling and Waste Management
Wool is highly and easily recyclable.