- Industrial and Crafts Applications
PHB finds its applications as a biomedical, pharmacological, and veterinary material, mainly used for the production of implants, controlled encapsulation of medicines, veterinary products and fertilizers. Also, it is used in food-production industry as packaging material, but there is additionally a significant potential for using it in different sectors, for example, as a protective layer due to its water insoluble properties.
- Environmental Impact
The intent behind developing a wider use of PHB is based on the notion that, on the one hand, PET plastics can be degraded in its production process, and on the other hand that the production of biopolymers creates significantly reduced carbon footprint. Bioplastics can be reused for making the same object several times, and is thus fully recyclable. However, mass application of bioplastics is still not achieved, and therefore the actual ecological impact is not determined, especially due to the dynamics and speed of the degradation of bioplastic itself, which remains underexplored.
- Innovative or Emerging Applications
One possible application of bioplastics (PHAs, PHB, bacterial nanocellulose) is the production of cell phones, as a mass everyday product – from protection foils to constructive elements, making some of their components fully biodegradable and recyclable.