Mošćanica’s travertine stone (miljevina, milika)

Moscanica travertine stone

Mošćanica travertine stone (miljevina, milika) has been used for more than seven decades to make stećak, tombstones, and millstones for mills. It is still in use today for the same purposes due to its characteristics and easy way of processing and availability.

Name of Material in the local and Latin language
Mošćanica travertine stone (miljevina, milika) – oolitic limestone (calcis oolitic).
Type of Material
Organic
Commonly Found Locations
Mošćanica quarry near Zenica.
Major Industrial Producers or Suppliers
Euro-Asfalt (https://euro-asfalt.ba/bs/asfaltna-baza-kamenolomi-i-laboratorija/)

Colour
White/pale yellow
Density
MPA 18,8 min; 35,5 max; 27,15 average (2.93 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)
Hardness
Stone with very low strength, very porous, with a high capacity to absorb water, which makes it resistant to cracking at low temperatures.
Melting/Boiling Point
α=17 – 68x10-7 Melting/Boiling: 825 °C/ 800 °C
Solubility
Limestone is partially soluble, especially in acid, and therefore forms many erosional landforms. These include limestone pavements, pot holes, cenotes, caves…
Structure
Fine-grained rock with little or no ooid.
Chemical Composition
CaCO3

Industrial and Crafts Applications
It is used as a decorative element for covering the facades of residential buildings, courtyard walls and landscaping paths in parks.
Historical or Cultural Uses
It is used in the restoration of historical buildings, and for the construction of old bridges, stećak (toombstones).
Environmental Impact
There is no positive or negative environmental effect - limestone is a primary part of the environment.
Innovative or Emerging Applications
N/a

Extraction Methods
Open pit (surface) mining.
Processing Techniques
Processing by shaping, grinding, polishing.
Sustainability and Environmental Considerations
Limestones are part of the natural environment (sedimentary rocks, deposits)
Recycling and Waste Management
It is possible to reuse already used stone for decorative purposes.